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Child Passenger Safety

Several members of the UMTRI staff are recognized as leading experts on child passenger protection and best-practice issues. This expertise comes from years of experience in evaluating child restraint systems using dynamic testing with ATDs, and from research programs involving development of test procedures, evaluation of best practice recommendations, and development of child crash dummies and associated injury criteria.

Some of UMTRI's research efforts in child passenger protection have resulted in materials that can be used for outreach and education. summarizes research that is the basis for best practices in child passenger safety. Links to references are included throughout. It also includes videos and diagrams that can be downloaded for educational purposes.

Recent Publications

Assessing the restraint performance of vehicle seats and belt geometry optimized for older children
Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Jingwen Hu, Jonathan D. Rupp

report UMTRI-2012-4

In a previous study, a computational model of child occupants 6 to 10 years old (YO) was validated using data from a sled test series...

Effects of child restraint system features on installation errors.
Kathleen D. Klinich, Miriam A. Manary, Carol A. C. Flannagan, Sheila M. Ebert-Hamilton, L. Malik, Paul A. Green, Matthew P. Reed

journal article IN: Applied Ergonomics

This study examined how child restraint system (CRS) features contribute to CRS installation errors. Sixteen convertible CRS, selected...

Factors affecting tether use and misuse
Kathleen D. Klinich, Nichole R. Orton, Carol A. C. Flannagan, Miriam A. Manary, Laura A. Malik, Prabha Narayanaswamy

report UMTRI-2014-7

This project investigated factors relating to tether use and misuse. Volunteer testing was performed with 37 subjects on 16 different...

Kinematics of pediatric crash dummies seated on vehicle seats with realistic belt geometry
Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Sheila M. Ebert, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Volume 15, issue 8 (2014), pages 866-874. 

A series of sled tests was performed using vehicle seats and Hybrid-III 6-year-old (6YO) and 10YO anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs)...

Potential distractions and unsafe driving behaviors among drivers of 1- to 12-year-old children
Michelle L. Macy, Patrick M. Carter, C. Raymond Bingham, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Gary L. Freed

journal article IN: Academic Pediatrics, volume 14, number 3, May-June 2014, pp. 279-286

Driver distraction has been identified as a threat to individual drivers and public health. Motor vehicle collisions remain a leading...