Future possibilities for behavioural research
Authors: Patricia F. Waller
The Haddon Matrix illustrates the range of opportunities for countermeasures, in terms of human factors, vehicles, and the physical and social environment, that can be applied before, during, and after a crash. Although most road accidents involve ordinary drivers, the concepts of short-term and long-term accident proneness explain much of what happens. The concept of accident liability is an excellent way of envisaging increased crash risk, and can encompass both short-term and long-term accident proneness. The implications of the findings of the behavioural research programme are divided into four major areas: (1) driver education, training, licensing, and monitoring; (2) enforcement and adjudication; (3) environmental factors; and (4) methodology. For each of these areas, important findings and research issues are outlined. Three major areas of future issues should be addressed: population changes including behavioural changes, the potential applications of emerging technologies to safety, and the potential for changes in social norms in relation to traffic safety. For the covering abstract, see IRRD 899056.