High-beam headlamp usage on unlighted rural roadways
Authors: John M. Sullivan, Michael J. Flannagan, Mary Lynn Buonarosa, G. Adachi
In a survey conducted over 34 years ago, researchers found that drivers in the United States underuse their high beams in circumstances in which their use is prudent and advisable. High-beam use was also found to be inversely related to traffic density. Since that time, changes in beam pattern design, dimming controls, and perhaps driver awareness of the hazards of limited visibility may have sufficiently altered the driver behaviour to warrant a follow-up investigation. A survey of high-beam headlamp use was conducted on three unlit local roadways in the Ann Arbor area. Observers judged whether vehicles that were clear of both oncoming and preceding traffic, had their high or low beams turned on. Illuminance measures at approximate beam pattern locations were also recorded to support beam judgments. In addition, traffic density was estimated over 15-min intervals so that the relationship between beam use and traffic density could be examined. The results suggest that the pattern of high-beam underuse is similar to that observed in the late 1960s.