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Impact direction effect on serious-to-fatal injuries among drivers in near-side collisions according to impact location focus on thoracic injuries.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. Vol. 48 (Sept. 2012), p. 442-450.

Authors: Xinghua Lai, Chunsheng Ma, Jingwen Hu, Qing Zhou.

Occupant injury in real world vehicle accidents can be significantly affected by a set of crash characteristics, of which impact direction and impact location (or damage location) in general scale interval (e.g., frontal impact is frequently defined as general damage to vehicle frontal end with impact angle range of 11-1 o-clock) have been identified to associate with injury outcome. The effects of crash configuration in more specific scale of interval on the injury characteristics have not been adequately investigated. This paper presents a statistical analysis to investigate the combined effects of specific impact directions and impact locations on the serious-to-fatal injuries of driver occupants involved in near-side collisions using crash data from National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for the calendar years of 1995-2005.

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