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Survival in fatal road crashes body mass index, gender, and safety belt use.
Background: This study evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI), gender, and use of safety belts with the survival of drivers involved in fatal road crashes. Method: The census data of all U.S. fatal crashes that did not involve pedestrians, bicyclists, or motorcyclists were examined for...
The development of a model to predict the effects of worker and task factors on foot placements in manual material handling tasks
Accurate prediction of foot placements in relation to hand locations during manual materials handling tasks is critical for prospective biomechanical analysis. To address this need, the effects of lifting task conditions and anthropometric variables on foot placements were studied in a laboratory...
Assessing the effects of the design population on seat dimensions
Dimensional recommendations for automotive seat design are often based on populations different from the intended user population. Military data are commonly used to provide guidance for seats used by civilians, for example, because detailed military data are more readily obtained. Even when data...
Effects of obesity on seat belt fit
Introduction: Obesity has been shown to increase the risks of some types of injury in crashes. One way in which obesity may increase injury risk is by changing the routing of the belt relative to the underlying skeletal structures. Methods: Belt fit was measured in a laboratory study of 54 men and...
Improving the repeatability and reproducibility of belt fit measurement with 6YO and 10YO ATDs
In previous work, researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) developed a method for quantifying the belt fit provided by belt-positioning boosters by measuring the belt location relative to the six- and ten-year-old Hybrid-III dummies. In another study, the...
A pilot study of three-dimensional child anthropometry for vehicle safety analysis
The publicly available anthropometric data for U.S. children were published in 1977, lack body shape data, and do not include measurements in supported sitting postures that are needed for vehicle safety applications. A pilot study was conducted of methods using standard anthropometry, laser...
External landmark, body surface, and volume data of a mid-sized male in seated and standing postures
The purpose of this study was to acquire external landmark, undeformed surface, and volume data from a prescreened individual representing a mid-sized male (height 174.9 cm, weight 78.6 plus or minus 0.77 kg) in the seated and standing postures. The individual matched the 50th percentile value of...
U.S. truck driver anthropometric study and multivariate anthropometric models for cab designs
Objective: This study presents data from a largescale anthropometric study of U.S. truck drivers and the multivariate anthropometric models developed for the design of next-generation truck cabs. Background: Up-to-date anthropometric information of the U.S. truck driver population is needed for the...
Anthropometric specification of child crash dummy pelves through statistical analysis of skeletal geometry
The pelves of the child dummies of the widely used Hybrid-III family are based on minimal data from children. Because an accurate pelvis design is critical for realistic assessments of belt restraint interactions, an analysis of medical imaging data was conducted to develop guidance for improved...

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