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Child passenger restraints in relation to other second-row passengers an analysis of the 2007-2009 National Survey of the Use of Booster Seats.
Objective: Child restraint systems (CRS) are increasingly being designed to accommodate larger children and to mitigate side impact injuries. Little is known about the impact of CRS on the safety of other vehicle passengers due to limitations of existing crash databases. This study provides the...
A simulation study of spine biofidelity in the Hybrid-III 6-year-old ATD
Objective: Because of the lack of pediatric biomechanical data, Hybrid-III (HIII) child anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) are essentially scaled from the mid-size male ATD based on the geometric considerations. These ATDs inherit a rigid thoracic spine from the adult HIII ATDs, which has been...
Child anthropometry for improved vehicle occcupant safety.
A detailed understanding of the size, shape, and postures of children is required to design effective restraint systems for protecting children in motor vehicle crashes. Compiled and edited by experts in the fields of anthropometry, ergonomics, and child restraint, this book includes 14 important...
Development and validation of a parametric child anthropomorphic test device model representing 6-12-year-old children.
Children from 6 to 12 year-old (YO) restrained in motor vehicles by seatbelts designed for adults often experience poor belt fit that results in adverse outcomes in crashes. Computer modelling provides a means to investigate the effects of body size on the injury risks in crashes beyond the few...
Effects of vehicle seat and belt geometry on belt fit for children with and without belt positioning booster seats.
A laboratory study was conducted to quantify the effects of belt-positioning boosters on lap and shoulder belt fit. Postures and belt fit were measured for forty-four boys and girls ages 5–12 in four highback boosters, one backless booster, and on a vehicle seat without a booster. Belt anchorage...
Child passenger restraints in relation to other second-row passengers : an analysis of the 2007-2009 National Survey of the Use of Booster Seats.
Objective: Child restraint systems (CRS) are increasingly being designed to accommodate larger children and to mitigate side impact injuries. Little is known about the impact of CRS on the safety of other vehicle passengers due to limitations of existing crash databases. This study provides the...
Effects of child restraint system features on installation errors.
This study examined how child restraint system (CRS) features contribute to CRS installation errors. Sixteen convertible CRS, selected to include a wide range of features, were used in volunteer testing with 32 subjects. Subjects were recruited based on their education level (high or low) and...
Measuring young drivers behaviors during complex driving situations
A laboratory study was conducted to quantify the effects of belt-positioning boosters on lap and shoulder belt fit. Postures and belt fit were measured for forty-four boys and girls ages 5–12 in four highback boosters, one backless booster, and on a vehicle seat without a booster. Belt anchorage...
Factors affecting tether use and misuse
This project investigated factors relating to tether use and misuse. Volunteer testing was performed with 37 subjects on 16 different vehicles using 2 forward-facing child restraints (Britax Marathon 70 or the Evenflo Triumph), with each subject performing 8 child restraint installations on a set...
Potential distractions and unsafe driving behaviors among drivers of 1- to 12-year-old children
Driver distraction has been identified as a threat to individual drivers and public health. Motor vehicle collisions remain a leading cause of death for children, yet little is known about distractions among drivers of children. This study sought to characterize potential distractions among drivers...

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