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A pilot study of biomechanical factors affecting upper limb posture during grasping, holding, and placing cylindrical object
A biomechanical analysis was performed to explain upper limb postures during grasping, holding, and placing cylindrical objects. This study is needed for ergonomic design of work equipment and methods to provide workers with sufficient control over objects in object transfer tasks.
Comparison of WorldSID and cadaver responses in low-speed and high-speed nearside impact
A series of lateral impact tests was performed in which the WorldSID midsize-male crash-test dummy was struck with a segmented padded impactor that separately loaded the thorax, abdomen, iliac wing, greater trochanter, and mid thigh. Tests were conducted using 8 m/s and 3 m/s initial impact...
Design and testing of a child restraint for developing countries using low-technology manufacturing methods
As passenger car use becomes more common in developing countries, the number of child passengers killed and injuries also increases. Rates of child restraint use appear to be much lower in developing countries than in the U.S. or Europe. One barrier to increased restraint use is the relatively high...
A pilot study of three-dimensional child anthropometry for vehicle safety analysis
The publicly available anthropometric data for U.S. children were published in 1977, lack body shape data, and do not include measurements in supported sitting postures that are needed for vehicle safety applications. A pilot study was conducted of methods using standard anthropometry, laser...
Influence of object size and hand posture on upper limb joint loads during one-handed lifting exertion
This work aims to collect new information and develop models for design of objects that are held or manipulated with the hand. Examples include, handles that are used to lift and hold containers or support the body, tools, parts and materials. Towards this end, this study examines the effect of...
Effect of in-vehicle touch screen position on driver performance
The effect of touch-screen monitor placement on in-vehicle task performance and driving performance was examined in a driving simulator. Sixteen subjects drove behind a lead vehicle while interacting with a menu-based interface that required looking, planning, reaching, and touching. The vehicle...
Developing complex crash warning simulations for Human Factors evaluations
In traditional vehicle warning experiments, each subject sees each warning once, and warning comparisons are between subjects, a very inefficient approach. Driving simulator experiments for the recent RDCW and IVBSS projects used within-subjects designs, with each subject responding to a warning...
Driver interface/HMI standards to minimize driver distraction/overload
This paper describes (1) the telematics distraction/overload problem, (2) what distraction and overload are and how they differ, (3) the standards and guidelines that apply to the design and evaluation of driver interfaces/human-machine interfaces (HMI) for telematics (and their strengths and...

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