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A pilot study of three-dimensional equipped anthropometry
Accurate capture of equipped anthropometry is critical to ensure that the analysis and design of military platforms and workspaces account for the additional space required for clothing and PPE equipment. To examine the effect of personal protective equipment (PPE) on spatial claim, methods were...
Measuring young drivers' behaviors during complex driving situations
Driving behaviors of teenagers and adults in complex driving situations, viz., merges and intersections, from an 18-month longitudinal naturalistic driving study were analyzed. Variables from multiple sources were selected to create an Unsafe Driving Index to rate drivers’ behaviors in these...
Understanding driver self-regulating behavior: how does phone use influence vehicle control in real world?
In the last few years, research on driver distraction focused on assessing the extent to which using mobile phones is compatible with safe driving. Many studies employing driving simulators suggested that using a phone while driving is definitely unsafe. Nevertheless, so far, naturalistic studies,...
Developing parametric human finite element Models for injury assessment focusing on various vulnerable populations
Children, small female, elderly, and obese occupants are vulnerable populations and may sustain increased risk of death and serious injury in motor - vehicle crashes compared with mid - size young male occupants. Unfortunately, current inju ry assessment tools do not account for immature and...
Differences in lower extremity geometry with gender, age, stature, and BMI
CT scans were obtained from 100 patients approximately equally distributed over 10 year age groups and both genders. Lower extremity geometry was extracted from these scans, and surfaces of the tibia, femur, pelvis, and feet were defined using thresholding techniques. The following processes of...
Comparison of different radial basis functions in developing subject-specific infant head finite element models for injury biomechanics study
Developing a subject-specific finite element (FE) model, especially with only high quality hexahedral solid elements and quadrilateral shell elements, is very time-consuming. Recently, template-based mesh morphing method has become popular to construct subject-specific FE models, in which a...
Development and preliminary validation of a parametric pediatric head finite element model for population-based impact simulations
Head injury is the leading cause of pediatric fatality and disability in the United States (1). Although finite element (FE) method has been widely used for investigating head injury under impact, there are only a few 3D pediatric head FE models available in the literature, including a 6-month-old...
Driver differentiation with seat settings Part I: Component selection
The addition of user-customizable features to automobiles increases the need to differentiate among drivers so that each driver’s custom settings can be automatically applied. This study explored the feasibility of using component adjustment settings (e.g., seat position or steering wheel angle) to...
Driver differentiation with seat settings Part II: feasibility for US household
The addition of user-customizable features to automobiles increases the need to differentiate among drivers so that each driver’s custom settings can be automatically applied. Part 1 of this study modeled driver component positioning as a function of the stature difference between sharing drivers....
Comparison of ATD and driver knee positions
Contact between the knees and knee bolster commonly occurs in frontal collisions. The contact region on the bolster and the knee anatomy involved are related to the pre-crash positioning of the knees. The location of the distal (or infra-) patella was recorded on volunteers of widely varying...

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