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A comparison between human kinematics and the predictions of mathematical crash victim simulators
A study has been conducted as an initial step in determining the differences observed between the motions of a living human impact sled test subject and a dummy test subject. The mechanism which is proposed for accomplishing this is the HSRI Two-Dimensional Mathematical Crash Victim Simulator. A...
Michigan injury criteria hypothesis and restraint system effectiveness index
This paper describes an injury criteria model implemented in computer language, and a restraint system effectiveness index for evaluating the degree to which the vehicle environment can prevent or reduce occupant injuries. The need for criteria of this type is based on the fact that if the degree...
A strain energy approach to the mechanics of skull fracture
The mechanics of skull fracture in humans has been investigated by many people for over 90 years. A variety of techniques has been used in past studies. Test specimens have been whole cadavers, cadaver heads, skulls and sections of skulls with material conditions including both fresh and embalmed...
An investigation of the brake force distribution on tractor-semitrailer combinations
An engineering analysis of tractor-semitrailer braking is presented in terms of the utilization of available tire-roadway friction. The effects of load transfer on the tandem axle suspension upon braking performance are discussed. The physical relations are derived that allow the determination of...
The dynamic performance of articulated highway vehicles - a review of the state-of-the-art
This paper reviews the state of theoretical and experimental technology relative to the dynamic performance of articulated highway vehicles. The review contains three major sections, corresponding to the traditional breakdown of vehicle performance: directional performance, braking performance, and...
Automobile occupant ejection through the side door glass
Ejection of car occupants through door openings has been markedly reduced in the new model cars. However, cases have now been found where car occupants are being ejected through the side door glass opening or directly through the side glass. Twenty-one cases of ejection through the side glass are...
Development of braking performance requirements for buses, trucks, and tractor-trailers
This paper reports the results of a study which had as its aim the determination of braking performance currently achievable by buses, trucks, and tractor-trailers, and the improvement of this performance by use of advanced braking systems. Both vehicle testing and analytical techniques, including...

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