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Optimizing protection for rear seat occupants assessing booster performance with realistic belt geometry using the Hybrid III 6YO ATD.
A series of sled tests was conducted to examine the performance of booster seats under belt geometries representing the range found in the rear seats of current vehicles. Twelve tests were performed with the standard 6YO Hybrid III ATD and 29 tests were performed with a modified version of the 6YO...
Effect of realistic vehicle seats, cushion length, and lap belt geometry on child ATD kinematics
This series of sled tests examined the effect of using real vehicle seats on child ATD performance. Cushion length was varied from production length of 450 mm to a shorter length of 350 mm. Lap belt geometry was set to rear, mid, and forward anchorage locations that span the range of allowable lap...
A study of the vehicle structure crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip rollover tests
Rollover crashes can be the most dangerous vehicular crashes among all crash types which have a higher fatality rate than other kinds of crashes. The orthogonal design was adopted to evaluate structure parameters how to affect the vehicle rollover crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip tests. It is...
Integration of physical and cognitive human models to simulate driving with a secondary in-vehicle task
Human behavior models give insight into people-s choices and actions and are tools for predicting performance and improving interface design. Most models focus on a task-s cognitive aspects or its physical requirements. This research addresses the divide between cognitive and physical models by...
Focusing on vulnerable populations in crashes recent advances in finite element human models for injury biomechanics research.
Children, small female, elderly, and obese occupants are at greater risk of death and serious injuries in motor-vehicle crashes than the mid-size, young, male occupants. However, current injury assessment tools, including crash test dummies and finite element (FE) human models, generally do not...
Crash protection for child passengers rationale for best practice / by Kathleen D. Klinich, Miriam A. Manary, and Kathleen B. Weber.
Child restraint systems provide specialized protection for pediatric motor vehicle occupants whose body structures are still immature and growing. There are many occupant protection systems available and the different types of restraints are appropriately matched to children based primarily on...
A pilot study of three-dimensional child anthropometry for vehicle safety analysis
The publicly available anthropometric data for U.S. children were published in 1977, lack body shape data, and do not include measurements in supported sitting postures that are needed for vehicle safety applications. A pilot study was conducted of methods using standard anthropometry, laser...
Effect of frozen storage on dynamic tensile properties of human placenta
Dynamic mechanical properties of placenta tissue are needed to develop computational models of pregnant occupants for use in designing restraint systems that protect the fetus and mother. Tests were performed on 21 samples obtained from five human placentas at a rate of 1200 %/s using a set of...
Toward designing pedestrian-friendly vehicles
Due to a rise in global urbanization and motorization, pedestrian injuries continue to be a major public-health problem worldwide. To design pedestrian-friendly vehicles, knowledge of common pedestrian injuries, technologies available for reducing these injuries, and benefit estimations for these...
External landmark, body surface, and volume data of a mid-sized male in seated and standing postures
The purpose of this study was to acquire external landmark, undeformed surface, and volume data from a prescreened individual representing a mid-sized male (height 174.9 cm, weight 78.6 plus or minus 0.77 kg) in the seated and standing postures. The individual matched the 50th percentile value of...

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