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Model development and robust optimal design of occupant restraint system
In this study, an occupant restraint system model of a production SUV developed in MADYMO software was used for crash simulations. Component tests were conducted to obtain the parameters of seatbelt and seat. Parameters of airbag were obtained by tank tests and the airbag model was validated by...
Development and validation of a modified Hybrid-III six-year-old dummy model for simulating submarining in motor-vehicle crashes
In motor-vehicle crashes, young school-aged children restrained by vehicle seat belt systems often suffer from abdominal injuries due to submarining. However, the current anthropomorphic test device, so-called -crash dummy-, is not adequate for proper simulation of submarining. In this study, a...
U.S. truck driver anthropometric study and multivariate anthropometric models for cab designs
Objective: This study presents data from a largescale anthropometric study of U.S. truck drivers and the multivariate anthropometric models developed for the design of next-generation truck cabs. Background: Up-to-date anthropometric information of the U.S. truck driver population is needed for the...
Characterization of ovine utero-placental interface tensile failure
Data on the strength of the utero-placental interface (UPI) would help improve understanding of the mechanisms of placental abruption (premature separation of the placenta from the uterus) during motor-vehicle crashes involving pregnant occupants. An ovine model was selected for study because like...
Influence of object size and hand posture on upper limb joint loads during one-handed lifting exertion
This work aims to collect new information and develop models for design of objects that are held or manipulated with the hand. Examples include, handles that are used to lift and hold containers or support the body, tools, parts and materials. Towards this end, this study examines the effect of...
Impact direction effect on serious-to-fatal injuries among drivers in near-side collisions according to impact location focus on thoracic injuries.
Occupant injury in real world vehicle accidents can be significantly affected by a set of crash characteristics, of which impact direction and impact location (or damage location) in general scale interval (e.g., frontal impact is frequently defined as general damage to vehicle frontal end with...
RESNA's position on wheelchairs used as seats in motor vehicles
This position paper is based on the premise that those who ride seated in wheelchairs are entitled to equivalent occupant safety when they are traveling in motor vehicles. The document summarizes research and best practice for safety and selection of crashworthy wheelchairs with the requisite...
LATCH usability in vehicles
This project investigated the usability of Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren (LATCH) hardware by measuring LATCH implementations in 98 2011 or 2010 model-year vehicles. ISO and SAE LATCH usability rating systems were used to assess all vehicles using data from the second row left position....
Vehicle LATCH system features associated with correct child restraint installations
Objective: Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) was intended to standardize the attachment between child restraints and vehicle seats. However, LATCH implementations vary, resulting in different ease-of-attachment of child restraint connectors. Identifying vehicle characteristics...
Effects of vehicle seat and belt geometry on belt fit for children with and without belt positioning booster seats
A laboratory study was conducted to quantify the effects of belt-positioning boosters on lap and shoulder belt fit. Postures and belt fit were measured for forty-four boys and girls ages 5–12 in four highback boosters, one backless booster, and on a vehicle seat without a booster. Belt anchorage...

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