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Interactions of out-of-position small-female surrogates with a depowered driver airbag.
The objectives of this study were to examine the response, repeatability, and injury predictive ability of the Hybrid III small-female dummy to static out-of-position (OOP) deployments using a depowered driver-side airbag. Five dummy tests were conducted in two OOP configurations by two different...
Comparison of distributions of key predictor variables in CIREN and NASS-CDS cases meeting CIREN inclusion criteria
Objective: The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) database contains data from occupants who are seriously injured in motor vehicle crashes. Because of the number of injured occupants and the level of detail in CIREN, a number of previous studies have attempted to use CIREN data...
New developments in UTMOST application to electronic stability control.
The Unified Tool for Mapping Opportunities for Safety Technology (UTMOST) is a model of crash data that incorporates the complex relationships among different vehicle and driver variables. It is designed to visualize the effect of multiple safety countermeasures on elements of the driver, vehicle,...
Finite element investigation of seatbelt systems for improving occupant protection during rollover crashes
The seatbelt system, originally designed for protecting occupants in frontal crashes, has been reported to be inadequate for preventing occupant head-to-roof contact during rollover crashes. To improve the effectiveness of seatbelt systems in rollovers, in this study, we reviewed previous...
Identifying priorities for improving rear seat occupant protection
This project helped to identify priorities for improving the safety of rear seat occupants through a literature review and NASS-CDS injury analysis. The literature review covers injury patterns of rear seat occupants, new safety technologies intended for the rear seat, studies of rear seat belt and...
Modeling ascending and descending stairs using the human motion simulation framework
The Human Motion Simulation Framework (Framework) is a hierarchical set of algorithms for predicting and analyzing task-oriented human motion. The Framework was developed to improve the performance of commercial human modeling software by increasing the accuracy of predicted motions and the speed...
Development of new injury risk curves for the knee/distal femur and the hip for use in frontal impact testing
This report describes how new injury risk curves for the knee/distal femur and the hip were developed through reanalyses of existing peak knee impact force data. New hip injury risk curves were developed using survival analysis with a lognormal distribution. This distribution was parameterized to...
Foot motions in manual material handling transfer tasks a taxonomy and data from an automotive assembly plant.
Ergonomic job analysis commonly applies static postural and biomechanical analysis tools to particular postures observed during manual material handling (MMH) tasks, usually focusing on the most extreme postures or those involving the highest loads. When these analyses are conducted prospectively...

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