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Examination of the Michigan 2010 motor vehicle traffic crash fatality increase
In 2010, national fatal crash counts went down by 3.5%, following on the heels of substantial drops in 2008 and 2009. However, in Michigan, fatal crashes were down substantially in 2009, but up by nearly 8% in 2010. This report contains an in-depth look at the patterns associated with Michigan-s...
Integrated vehicle-based safety systems (IVBSS) : Human Factors and driver-vehicle interface (DVI) summary report.
The IVBSS program is a four-year, two-phase project to design and evaluate an integrated crash warning system for forward collision, lateral drift, lane-change merge, and curve speed warnings for both light vehicles and heavy trucks. This report, covering Human Factors research and DVI development...
Analysis of motorcylce crashes in Michigan 2009-2013
The goal of this analysis is to assess the consequences of the modification to the motorcycle helmet law that took effect on April 13, 2012, based on crash data from 2009 - 2013. The key areas of interest include: 1) changes in fatality and injury rates due to helmet non - use; 2) helmet use rates...
Development of a real-time prediction model of driver behavior at intersections using kinematic time series data
As autonomous vehicles enter the fleet, there will be a long period when these vehicles will have to interact with human drivers. One of the challenges for autonomous vehicles is that human drivers do not communicate their decisions well. However, the kinematic behavior of a human-driven vehicle...
Improving trauma triage models for motor vehicle crashes using event data recorder and functional data analysis
Quick identification of severe injury crashes can help Emergency Medical Services (EMS) better allocate their scarce resources to improve the survival of severely injured crash victims by providing them with a fast and timely response. Data broadcast from a vehicle’s Event Data Recorder (EDR)...
How does glance behavior influence crash and injury risk? A ‘what-if’ counterfactual simulation using crashes and near-crashes from SHRP2
As naturalistic driving data become increasingly available, new analyses are revealing the significance of drivers’ glance behavior in traffic crashes. Due to the rarity of crashes, even in the largest naturalistic datasets, near-crashes are often included in the analyses and used as surrogates for...
Driver distraction from cell phone use and potential for self-limiting behavior
This project consists of three parts. The first is a review of the literature on driver distraction that primarily focuses on cell phone use. The second two parts involve analysis of an existing field operational test (FOT) database to examine: 1) self - limiting behavior on the part of drivers who...
How does glance behavior influence crash and injury risk? A ‘what-if’counterfactual simulation using crashes and near-crashes from SHRP2
As naturalistic driving data become increasingly available, new analyses are revealing the significance of drivers’ glance behavior in traffic crashes. Due to the rarity of crashes, even in the largest naturalistic datasets, near-crashes are often included in the analyses and used as surrogates for...
Modeling the injury prevention impact of mandatory alcohol ignition interlock installation in all new US vehicles
Objectives. We estimated the injury prevention impact and cost savings associated with alcohol interlock installation in all new US vehicles. Methods. We identified fatal and nonfatal injuries associated with drinking driver vehicle crashes from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and National...

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